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高強度間歇訓練對超重肥胖女大學生減脂效果的Meta分析

孫文新 秦曼 李麗麗 尹繼林 王興

孫文新, 秦曼, 李麗麗, 尹繼林, 王興. 高強度間歇訓練對超重肥胖女大學生減脂效果的Meta分析[J]. 中國學校衛生, 2021, 42(10): 1480-1486. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.009
引用本文: 孫文新, 秦曼, 李麗麗, 尹繼林, 王興. 高強度間歇訓練對超重肥胖女大學生減脂效果的Meta分析[J]. 中國學校衛生, 2021, 42(10): 1480-1486. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.009
SUN Wenxin, QIN Man, LI Lili, YIN Jilin, WANG Xing. Effects of high-intensity interval training on fat loss in overweight and obese female college students: a Meta-analysis[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(10): 1480-1486. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.009
Citation: SUN Wenxin, QIN Man, LI Lili, YIN Jilin, WANG Xing. Effects of high-intensity interval training on fat loss in overweight and obese female college students: a Meta-analysis[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(10): 1480-1486. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.009

高強度間歇訓練對超重肥胖女大學生減脂效果的Meta分析

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.009
基金項目: 

國家社會科學基金項目 20BTY116

全國教育科學規劃課題項目 BLA190216

上海市人類運動能力開發與保障重點實驗室項目 11DZ2261100

詳細信息
    作者簡介:

    孫文新(1996-),男,山東德州人,在讀碩士,主要研究方向為運動與健康促進

    通訊作者:

    王興,E-mail:597310817@qq.com

  • 中圖分類號: G808??R723.14??G647.8

Effects of high-intensity interval training on fat loss in overweight and obese female college students: a Meta-analysis

  • 摘要:   目的  系統評價高強度間歇訓練(high-intensity interval training,HIIT)對超重肥胖女大學生體重、身體成分的干預效果,以期為超重肥胖大學生選擇HIIT方法提供理論依據。  方法  計算機檢索PubMed、the Cochrane Library、Web of Science、Embase、CNKI、CBM、VIP、WanFang Data數據庫中有關HIIT對超重肥胖女大學生體重、身體成分的隨機對照試驗,檢索期年限從各數據庫收錄起始年限至2020年12月14日,根據納入和排除標準進行文獻篩選,并對納入文獻進行方法學質量評價、Meta分析及發表偏倚檢驗。  結果  共納入20個隨機對照試驗,中等質量研究14篇。Meta分析結果顯示,HIIT能顯著減輕超重肥胖女大學生體重(MD=-4.22,95%CI=-7.20~-1.25,P<0.01);改善體脂率(MD=-5.31,95%CI=-6.88~-3.73,P<0.01)、體質量指數(BMI)(MD=-2.11,95%CI=-2.65~-1.56,P<0.01)、全身脂肪量(MD=-3.66,95%CI=-4.89~-2.43,P<0.01)、腹部脂肪量(MD=-0.31,95%CI=-0.47~-0.15,P<0.01)、軀干脂肪量(MD=-2.15,95%CI=-2.86~-1.44,P<0.01),對瘦體重(MD=0.42,95%CI=-0.94~1.78,P=0.55)影響無統計學意義。  結論  HIIT能顯著減輕超重和肥胖女大學生的體重,改善其身體成分,可為超重和肥胖女大學生進行長期的HIIT提供可靠依據。
  • 圖  1  文獻篩選流程

    Figure  1.  Literature selection flow diagram

    圖  2  HIIT對超重肥胖女大學生體重的Meta分析

    Figure  2.  Meta-analysis of HIIT on the body weight of overweight and obse female college students

    圖  3  HIIT對超重肥胖女大學生體脂率的Meta分析

    Figure  3.  Meta-analysis of HIIT on the body fat rate of overweight and obese female college students

    圖  4  HIIT對超重肥胖女大學生BMI的Meta分析

    Figure  4.  Meta-analysis of HIIT on the BMI of overweight and obese female college students

    圖  5  HIIT對超重肥胖女大學生全身脂肪量的Meta分析

    Figure  5.  Meta-analysis of HIIT on the body fat mass of overweight and obese female college students

    圖  6  HIIT對超重肥胖女大學生腹部脂肪量的Meta分析

    Figure  6.  Meta-analysis of HIIT on the abdominal fat mass of overweight and obese female college students

    圖  7  HIIT對超重肥胖女大學生軀干脂肪量的Meta分析

    Figure  7.  Meta-analysis of HIIT on the trunk fat mass of overweight and obese female college students

    表  1  納入研究的基本特征

    Table  1.   General characteristics of the included studies

    第一作者及年份 國籍 樣本量(試驗組/對照組) 年齡(試驗組/對照組)/歲 營養狀況 運動形式 運動-間歇-組數 頻率/(次·周-1) 周期/周 對照組 結局指標
    彭小紅2020[14] 中國 17/18 23.41/23.39 超重 跑步 85%~95% HRmax運動4 min,間歇50%~60% HRmax運動3 min,4組 3 12 不做干預 1, 2, 3,
    齊玉剛2013[15] 中國 20/20 - 肥胖 跑步 85%VO2max中途跑3 min, 間歇2 min, 4組25 min 5 12 不做干預 1, 2, 3,
    韓涵2014[16] 中國 16/13 21.31/21.07 肥胖 功率自行車 90%VO2max, 4 min,間歇休息至RPE下降到13,繼續下一組 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7
    林堅2016[17] 中國 18/18 20.1/20.3 肥胖 運動平板 90% HRmax運動4 min, 70% HRmax運動3min,4組 2 12 不做干預 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    周廣仁2020[18] 中國 24/20 18.5/18.9 肥胖 徒手和器械訓練 80%~90% HRmax運動3 min, 50%~60% HRmax 2 min, 1 min間歇, 重復22~30 min 2 17 健康教育 1, 3
    曾帥2012[19] 中國 16/13 21.3/21.1 肥胖 功率自行車 90%VO2max運動4 min, 間歇4 min 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 3
    曹文玲2016[20] 中國 14/9 20.3/19.7 肥胖 功率自行車 120%VO2max運動1 min, 間歇1.5 min, 當RPE下降到13, 再進行運動4 min 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 3
    曹文玲2016[20] 中國 14/9 20.0/19.7 肥胖 功率自行車 90%VO2max運動4 min, 間歇1.5 min, 當RPE下降到13, 再進行運動4 min 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 3
    曹文玲2016[20] 中國 14/9 21.2/19.7 肥胖 功率自行車 初始負荷0.5 kg, 逐次遞增, 共6次, 全力沖刺6 s間歇9 s為1組,40組 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 3
    鄭子威2018[21] 中國 12/13 19.7/21.2 肥胖 功率自行車 120%VO2max運動1 min, 間歇1.5 min, 重復直到完成200 kJ機械功 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 6, 7
    鄭子威2018[21] 中國 12/13 19.7/21.2 肥胖 功率自行車 90%VO2max運動4 min, 間歇休息至RPE下降到13, 重復直到完成200 kJ機械功 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 6, 7
    鄭子威2018[21] 中國 11/13 20.9/21.2 肥胖 功率自行車 全力沖刺踏車6 s后間歇9 s,初始負荷1 kg, 逐漸增加, 40組, 運動時間4 min 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 6, 7
    張立萌2020[22] 中國 10/10 20.60±0.91 超重 功率自行車 前3周, 90%VO2max運動1 min, 間歇1 min, 15組;后3周, 90%VO2max 3 min, 25%VO2max 2 min, 6組 3 6 不做干預 1, 3
    張旭2014[23] 中國 16/10 21.44/21.00 肥胖 功率自行車 90%VO2peak運動4 min, 間歇不運動, 當RPE下降到13, 再運動4 min, 前2周克服200 kJ, 后10周克服300 kJ 3-4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7
    張旭2014[23] 中國 16/10 21.31/21.00 肥胖 功率自行車 初始負荷0.5 kg, 全力沖刺6 s間歇9 s為1組, 80組 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Tong2018[24] 中國 16/14 21.3/20.7 肥胖 功率自行車 90%VO2max運動4 min, 間歇3 min, 前2周, 工作量200 kJ,后逐漸增加至400 kJ 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 6, 7
    Tong2018[24] 中國 16/14 21.3/20.7 肥胖 功率自行車 全力沖刺踏車6 s后間歇9 s,80組 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 6, 7
    Pour-Abdi2013[25] 伊朗 16/10 19~23 肥胖 跑步 75%HRR運動4 min 30 s, 積極性休息3 min, 4組 3 6 不做干預 1, 2, 3, 5
    Zhang2017[26] 中國 15/13 18~22 肥胖 功率自行車 90%VO2max運動4 min,間歇3 min, 完成目標300 kJ 3~4 12 不做干預 1, 2, 4, 7
    Sijie2012[27] 中國 17/19 19.8/19.5 超重 跑步 85%VO2max運動3 min, 間歇50%VO2max 3 min, 5組 5 12 不做干預 1, 2, 3,
    注:1表示體重;2表示體脂率;3表示體質量指數(BMI);4表示全身脂肪量;5表示瘦體重;6表示腹部脂肪量;7表示軀干脂肪量;RPE表示主觀體力感覺評分;HRmax表示最大心率;VO2peak表示峰值攝氧量;VO2max表示最大攝氧量。
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-05
  • 修回日期:  2021-06-25
  • 網絡出版日期:  2021-10-25
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-25

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