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新冠肺炎疫情前后宿遷市小學生篩查性近視率比較

陳鴻雁 廖婭 董磊 王威 王小娟

陳鴻雁, 廖婭, 董磊, 王威, 王小娟. 新冠肺炎疫情前后宿遷市小學生篩查性近視率比較[J]. 中國學校衛生, 2021, 42(10): 1571-1574. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.031
引用本文: 陳鴻雁, 廖婭, 董磊, 王威, 王小娟. 新冠肺炎疫情前后宿遷市小學生篩查性近視率比較[J]. 中國學校衛生, 2021, 42(10): 1571-1574. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.031
CHEN Hongyan, LIAO Ya, DONG Lei, WANG Wei, WANG Xiaojuan. Myopia of primary school students in Suqian before and after COVID-19 epidemic[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(10): 1571-1574. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.031
Citation: CHEN Hongyan, LIAO Ya, DONG Lei, WANG Wei, WANG Xiaojuan. Myopia of primary school students in Suqian before and after COVID-19 epidemic[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(10): 1571-1574. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.031

新冠肺炎疫情前后宿遷市小學生篩查性近視率比較

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.031
基金項目: 

江蘇大學2021年度臨床醫學科技發展基金項目 JLY202 1179

詳細信息
    作者簡介:

    陳鴻雁(1996-), 女, 四川省人, 在讀碩士, 主要研究方向為近視防控、視光臨床

    通訊作者:

    王小娟, E-mail: 153803468@qq.com

  • 中圖分類號: R778.11R179G627.8

Myopia of primary school students in Suqian before and after COVID-19 epidemic

  • 摘要:   目的  比較新冠肺炎疫情前后宿遷市小學生篩查性近視率, 為近視防控及科普宣教提供依據。  方法  于2019與2020年采用整群抽樣方法對宿遷市39所小學的學生進行眼健康體檢, 包括測量裸眼視力、非睫狀肌麻痹電腦驗光, 分別對76 823, 76 039名6~12歲小學生進行統計分析, 比較2年篩查性近視率在不同人口學特征下的差異。  結果  疫情前后篩查性近視率分別為30.2%, 36.9%, 2次檢查均得出篩查性近視率隨年齡增加而增加, 女生近視率(32.3%, 40.0%)高于男生(28.3%, 34.2%), 城市學生近視率(34.3%, 41.5%)高于農村(26.5%, 32.2%)。各年齡階段近視率增加均明顯, 其中以9~11歲增加最多(增加量為8.6~10.7百分點), 不同性別、城鄉小學生近視率增加均明顯, 女生、城市小學生增加最多(分別增加7.7, 7.2百分點)。  結論  疫情后宿遷市小學生篩查性近視率是2019年的1.2倍, 在不同人口學特征下均增加, 疫情后近視現狀不容樂觀。
  • 表  1  宿遷市小學生2019與2020年眼科篩查陽性報告率比較

    Table  1.   Comparison of the positive rate of ophthalmic screening among the primary school students in Suqian of 2019 and 2020

    年份 人數 視力不良 球性屈光不正 散光
    輕度 中度 重度 遠視 近視 順規 斜軸 逆規
    2019 76 823 6 389(8.3) 10 565(13.8) 7 912(10.3) 6 560(8.5) 23 198(30.2) 4 065(5.3) 191(0.2) 1 106(1.4)
    2020 76 039 7 104(9.3) 11 795(15.5) 8 982(11.8) 4 163(5.5) 28 072(36.9) 6 053(8.0) 462(0.6) 1 571(2.1)
    χ2 313.46 1 112.21 668.11
    P < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
    注:()內數字為報告率/%。
    下載: 導出CSV

    表  2  不同人統計口學特征小學生篩查性近視率比較

    Table  2.   Comparison of myopic prevalence under different demographic characteristics

    人口學指標 統計值 2019年 2020年 Z
    人數 近視人數 人數 近視人數
    年齡/歲
    ??6 8 799 1 179(13.4) 9 269 1 410(15.2) -3.48
    ??7 12 977 2 035(15.7) 12 004 2 370(19.7) -8.45
    ??8 12 500 2 649(21.2) 12 995 3 595(27.7) -12.01
    ??9 12 687 3 789(29.9) 12 948 4 987(38.5) -14.59
    ??10 12 777 5 008(39.2) 12 661 6 118(48.3) -14.67
    ??11 11 147 5 339(47.9) 11 949 7 005(58.6) -16.33
    ??12 5 936 3 199(53.9) 4 213 2 587(61.4) -7.53
    χ趨勢2 6 529.07 7 969.27
    性別
    ??男 40 841 11 566(28.3) 40 393 13 809(34.2) -18.04
    ??女 35 982 11 632(32.3) 35 646 14 263(40.0) -21.41
    χ2 145.76 276.01
    地區
    ??城市 36 493 12 503(34.3) 38 566 15 995(41.5) -20.35
    ??農村 40 330 10 695(26.5) 37 473 12 077(32.2) -17.49
    χ2 544.87 697.65
    注:()內數字為近視率/%;P值均 < 0.01。
    下載: 導出CSV
    客厅的yin乱A片
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-19
  • 修回日期:  2021-03-30
  • 網絡出版日期:  2021-10-25
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-25

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